Fourth in the Worlds Elite TT, second only to Zabriskie in the US TT champs and with a Garmin contract neatly signed.
But scratch all of the above and file under, “Another one bites the dust!” albeit the ‘B’ sample might just be ‘clean.’
We asked Paul Coats, who’s a lecturer at Strathclyde Institute of Pharmacy & Biomedical Sciences, for an expert view:
“Zirbel, Jesus.. who knows these days!
“Seems a strange one though, as I mentioned to you when you asked me about Landis; testosterone or any of the androgens are only useful for recovery.
“And you can beat the test if you are smart – and most pros are, or at least they have someone keeping them right. Long-gone are the days of using steroids too easily detected.
“Only dumb-asses get caught on test these days, even my gran knows that.”
What is DHEA anyway?
“DHEA is a pro hormone and is metabolised to more active testosterone, produced naturally and can also be taken as supplement.
“It’s readily available to buy on internet.
[DHEA is an abbreviation for dehydroepiandrosterone. Produced by the adrenal glands, it is a precursor for the manufacturing of many other hormones in the body, 50 of which are from the adrenal glands. Editor.]
“The problem with supplements used in body building is that they add DHEA without listing it, thus making the customer think the product is great and they buy more.
“This was a big problem a couple years ago; in the USA there were a few well documented cases of track athletes testing positive due to protein supplements which were contaminated (so the manufacturer said) with DHEA.
“Now all the reputable supplement manufacturers provide test results to show their products are free from substances that may produce positive result.”
Will Zirbel know how it got in his body?
“He’ll know what he has taken, he clearly has tested positive and unless there is a total screw up his B sample will be positive. It would be useful if the numbers were presented; then we could see how much was in his system.
“He states on cyclingnews.com he knows nothing and is ignorant of all this kind of thing. Well, we know all pros know this game inside-out, and he is seasoned pro.
“Diet will be a major factor in his training and I’m sure he knows exactly what supplements and food he has taken.”
So what happened?
“1) His body produces high DHEA: OK, so why has he not tested high before? Therefore, unlikely.
“2) Someone spiked his recovery drink: wild claim – possible, but unlikely.
“3) He took a supplement contaminated with DHEA: possible – yes it happened in the past, but nowadays quality supplements come with quality control, also he’s probably taking the same supplements as others on his Bissel team,: and they have not tested positive. Unless he has his own supplements; but as mentioned he will know what he takes and could provide this to authorities to check for DHEA contamination and in a way, help explain the situation.
“4) He is a dumb-ass: applying Occam’s razor principle (ie. the simplest explanation or strategy tends to be the best one) this seems the most likely.”
“We will likely never know the truth; but if 4) is correct, what a waste of a great career and potential great 2010 with Garmin.
“I can’t believe someone at his level can test positive for DHEA – its not like EPO or CERA, it has no big benefits but it carries the same penalty.”
Paul Coats (PhD), Lecturer, Strathclyde Institute of Pharmacy & Biomedical Sciences.
‘…waste of a great career.’ – for sure, Paul.
With thanks to Paul for his time and expertise.