Daniel Holloway and Colby Pearce are regulars on the Six Day scene, and this season we’ve been helping to look after two other young American riders at the races; Jackie Simes and Brad Huff. US riders win classics and Grand Tours and there are US Pro Tour teams. It was different in 1970 though, with not one single US rider holding a professional licence — enter Jackie’s dad, Mr. Jack Simes.

We spoke to Jack, the man who was the first US rider to turn a pedal on the Six Day tracks for nearly 20 years and who hopes to bring the sport back to its spiritual home in the USA.

Jack Simes
Ralph Schuermann (L) with Jack Simes (R) with Ralph Schuermann at the Berlin Six last year.

Tell us about US cycling in the 60’s please, Jack.

“Between the two World Wars, Six Day racing thrived in the US – and then along came the depression.

“There wasn’t a lot of money around and certainly not enough to bring the continental stars across the Atlantic.

Jack Simes
Al Jolson starts the 1929 race.
Jack Simes
New York, March 1934, and about 18,000 spectators came to watch the racing. There used to be two Sixes in the city each year, in March and December. It was a big deal.
Jack Simes
Birthplace of the Madison.

“When World War 2 started most of the guys who rode ended up in the military and most of the outdoor velodromes in the US fell into disrepair.

“After the war it was the club scene that kept the sport alive — but it was virtually an underground sport.

Jack Simes
Jack started on a little bike with 22” wheels, his family has a history in the sport with his father (pictured here, holding Jack up) and grandfather before him both racing cyclists.
Jack Simes
The NY Area had three outdoor velodromes: Newark, NY, and Coney Island supporting the winter Six Days. Here Killian (right) and Vopel eat hotdogs at the Coney Island Velodrome.
Jack Simes
A 19 yrs old Jack in the 1962 GP Ellegard Copenhagen final. Danish Champ Preben Duckert 2nd, Flemming Jensen 3rd.

“But there was no internet, no US cycling magazines, my dad used to get the UK publication, ‘Cycling and Mopeds’ every week and I’d gaze at pictures of Reg Harris, Arie Van Vliet, Fausto Coppi, Jacques Anquetil.

Jack Simes
You think Bremen is tight, check out Montreal!

“The vision started to form that I should go to Europe and race with the European professionals. I started to make trips to Europe and travelled round the sprint Grand Prixs with Ron Baensch (Australian who was four times a Worlds sprint medallist) and Karl Barton (British sprinter of the era) — that gave me international exposure.”

Jack Simes
Jack was inspired by reading about Reg Harris in Cycling & Mopeds.

But you were still dominating the US home track scene?

“I was sprint champion in ’61, ’63, ’64, ’65, ’67; kilometre champion in ’61, ’63, ’64, ’67, ’69 and ten mile champion in ’64 and ’69.

Jack Simes
The 1964 US Nationals; Sprint, Kilo, and 10 Mile Champion.
Jack Simes
Sprint days.

“I really wanted to go pro but the draft was hanging over us all — if you joined the military as a pro athlete then that was that; but if you joined as an amateur then they would support you because you could race for them.

“Those were lost years for me because I’d much rather have been professional in Europe.”

Jack Simes
Drafted in to be the ultimate weapon, they said.
Jack Simes
But he figured out how to race bikes for Army instead.

Pan-Am Kilo Silver in ’67 and then Worlds Kilo Silver in ’68 — that Worlds ride was a big deal.

“The medal was a big deal, yes; the US hadn’t won a Worlds medal since Jackie Heid took bronze in the amateur sprint in 1949.

“The track Worlds were held after the Mexico Olympics, down in Montevideo, Uruguay.

“To tell you the truth I only rode them to stay out of the army longer!

Jack Simes
Jack “shooting his mouth off in ‘The Comic'”. He wanted nothing more than to turn pro and ride Sixes.

“I’d ridden the kilometre In Mexico but tied up horribly in the last 200 metres — I was on the bronze until that point but I didn’t really fancy my chances in Uruguay.

“It rained when we got down there so we had an extra day to get acclimatised; the track was a big old bumpy job and on race day it was cold and misty.

“I’d grown up riding tracks like that and that was an advantage right away.

“I drew number one spot, which suited me, I liked to go first.

“I had the gold until the ’67 world champion Neils Fredborg (Denmark, three times world kilometre champion, winning silver, gold and bronze at successive Olympic kilometres) rode and pushed me down to silver spot.

“That ride inspired me; it showed me that I did have what it takes.”

Jack Simes
Jack on the Worlds podium with Fredborg and Sartori. Can tell from the hair Jack hadn’t been back to Fort McArthur for a while?

How did you get on to the Six Day circuit?

“I went over to Holland in December ’69 — the Federation weren’t keen on giving me a pro licence and told me that once I turned pro I could no longer race in the USA.

Jack Simes
Soon after exiting Army in Dec ’69, Jack was interview by Jock Wadley in Antwerp. He was planning to try for the Groningen Six at end of February.

“I arrived in Rotterdam, where I’d ordered a bike from RIH Sport and then went to the Amsterdam Six Days, I was chatting to guys like Graeme Gilmore (Matt’s father and winner of 12 six days) and Tony Gowland (British rider who won the Six Days of London and Montreal.)

“But it was the English motor paced specialist, Norman Hill who told me that I would be better basing myself in Antwerp in the north of Belgium.

“There was a permanent track with mid-week racing and it was less expensive to live down there.

“I eventually got my pro licence in January 1970 and started riding the weekly track races at Antwerp.

Jack Simes
Talk about a baptism of fire – Jack was only seven weeks out of the army.

“The young Belgian rider, Rik Van Linden was making his pro debut and all the big names were there — Merckx, Van Looy, Anquetil…

“For the Derny race they were a rider short, the old soigneur who was looking after me said to the organisers; ‘Jack rides well behind the Dernys!’

Jack Simes
Dernys counted for classement so it was full-on every night. Jack tells us that hurt, with Post and Verschuren killing everyone.

“Of course, I’d never raced behind one in my life, but he was trying to get my foot in the door — I finished second and that got me a ride in the Antwerp Six with Gilmore and Gowland; where it was three man teams.

Jack Simes
Jack in the final of a Devil with ” really good guy” Jan Jansen.

“It was a tough baptism of fire; you weren’t allowed to leave the stadium — I saw Patrick Sercu carrying a mattress and thought; ‘what’s that about?’

“I soon found out, you had to sleep in the cabins under the track — eventually we got me fixed up with a mattress and bedding, too.

“I remember laying there and Rik Van Looy sticking his head round the door and saying; ‘is everything Ok, Jack?’ I didn’t know him, but once you were riding the Six you became part of the family.”

Jack Simes
The new wave of American pros in ’73; L to R: Vande Velde, Cutting Simes, Downen Best, Halsey Mathews, Stinton just out of the photo on left.

The stats say you rode 11 Sixes and finished eight — which were the toughest ones?

“That Antwerp one was very hard, you had to have one man on the track from 11:00 am, just rolling round, but by 1:00 pm you had to be up on the banking.

“From then the racing would go on until at least 02:00 am but depending on the night, as late as 05:00 am.

Jack Simes
Jack raced in pretty good company in the Sixes.

“Peter Post (from Holland, the former ‘King of the Sixes’ with 65 wins, he would go on to become one of the most successful team managers in history) and Theo Verschueren (twice world motor paced champion and multiple Belgian and European champion behind the Dernys) really didn’t like each other and would go at each other behind the Dernys — laps won and lost in the Derny races counted for the overall classement, not just points, so it was pretty savage.

“You come out of the race having lost seven or eight pounds; I remember being so tired one night that I could hardly lift my soup spoon to eat.

Jack Simes
Long hours meant many trackside meals. Sixes of the day had 6 afternoon and 7 evening sessions and went long into the night.

“I also remember the ‘Blue Train’ – which is the elite group of Six Day riders — teaching us a lesson and making life very hard for me and John Vande Velde (three times US pursuit champion, US Bicycling Hall of Fame inductee and father of Christian, who now rides for Garmin) a few years later in the Berlin Six.”

Jack Simes
Groningen, 6th March 1970. L. to R. Grahm Gilmore, Theo Verschuren, Bill Laurie, Leyn Loevesyn, Norman Hill, Jack and Albert Vanmidden are with Norman’s London Taxi – his daily transportation, with a top speed of 30mph.

There were Sixes at Detroit and LA in the 70’s?

“There hadn’t been a Six in the US since New York in 1961.

“The 70’s races were promoted by a colourful, larger than life character called Charles Ruys, he was a big agent and promoter in Europe but he didn’t understand the US business system and the races were totally under-promoted.

Jack Simes
Shame, the Dutch promotor screwed up.

“Really they were the final nails in the coffin of the US Six Day scene; we were riding around in front of empty houses.

“The European guys raced well — that’s their job — but the races were a disaster.

“The Sixes in Montreal in the 70’s were different; Montreal is a cosmopolitan city with big Italian, French and German communities with an interest in cycling.”

Why did you quit?

“John Vande Velde and I actually had rides in several Sixes, including German races when I called a halt — John and I were a good team; we just ‘clicked.’

Jack Simes
Jack liked riding with Vande Velde.

“But I’d seen the writing on the wall for me, it was hard to come to Europe and race with no local support; Graeme Gilmore did it, but he set up home there and was practically a local — but for me, it was hard without having the crowd behind you.

“I wanted to go home and get into promotion.

“I’ve had a number of phases to my career, rider; coach; organiser; official, with the PRO, UCI and FICP and now I’m back into promotion.”

Jack Simes
In ’73 Jack and John rode LA, Detroit and Berlin, then went directly to Montreal. Jack had six more contracts in in Europe, but he was done with living hand-to-mouth and the “crummy” contracts so didn’t go back. He came home, bought a house and hung it all up.

Six Day promotion?

“Yes, I want to bring Sixes back to the US but at a high level; a good start would be a three day event at Interbike in Las Vegas.

“I’ve been talking to Roger Young (former US sprint champion and 7-Eleven pro) who manages our only suitable permanent indoor velodrome, in LA about the possibility.

“They have a good grass roots programme there and the Nationals are held there too — but that’s not a series that will draw in the general public, with all the time trials.

“Currently we’re planning a Six Day in LA for 2011, it’s a sport which is made for TV and if we get it right it’ll spread like wildfire again.

“A whole new cycling era will develop with its own heroes and villains.”

And there are plenty of both on the Six Day circuit; with thanks to Jack for his time and wishing him every success with his plans.

Jack Simes
Jackie’s first time on the track, on his dad’s handlebars. What seems like a short while later, he’s riding Six Days himself.
Jack Simes
Jack pushes Jackie in a handicap sprint, 1998.