Sunday, September 19, 2021
HomeInterviewsAndy Smallwood & Jamie Burrow talk Ribble's New "Ultra Road"

Andy Smallwood & Jamie Burrow talk Ribble’s New “Ultra Road”

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The folks at Ribble are calling it the ‘Bat Bike’ but I think Manolo Saiz at ONCE with his LOOK contrarreloj specials laid claim to that title ‘back in the day?’

That said the Ribble ‘Ultra Road’ is a beautiful piece of machinery and in the manner of the best British speed machines – Aston Martin, Jaguar, Lotus, Norton – pulls off that trick of looking very quick even when it’s standing still.

Andy Smallwood
A beautiful custom painted Ultra SL-R. Photo©supplied

We caught up with Ribble CEO, Andy Smallwood and ex-pro and DS, Jamie Burrow, Ribble’s head of product development; here’s what they had to say.

Andy, cynics might say that ‘aero’ on a road bike is irrelevant given that the air is so churned up in a peloton? 

“When so much of a cyclist’s effort goes into moving through the air, aero is very relevant on a road bike. 

“Whilst the aero benefit of an aero road bike is reduced in the middle of a peloton there is still a benefit and over multiple hours this will translate into valuable energy saved. 

“What we really need to consider is the significant aero benefit the design of the bike offers when not riding in a peloton, whether that’s the pro rider who will need to be either at the front or off the front of the peloton to win a race or the enthusiast rider who is likely to spend most of their time not in a group big enough to negate the aero benefit and will be either riding solo or in a small group taking their turn on the front driving the pace. 

“It’s at the crucial time in a race when fully in the wind combined with the culmination of energy saved over the duration of a race where the pro will see the benefit of aero. 

“The same benefit is intensified for the enthusiast rider who will be spending far more of their riding time directly in the wind. 

“The aero benefit equates to more speed for the same effort or the same speed for less effort, either way it’s a win, win.”

Andy Smallwood
The Ultra Road bike underwent vast amounts of testing and refinement. Photo©supplied

Tell us about how you tested the machine and rider together – as it should be – but given the variation in body types/sizes? 

“The design of a bike can react very differently when tested on its own vs. with the rider; after-all a bike doesn’t ride itself! 

“A bike that tests very well on its own due to having very clean airflow over it can lose most or even all of that benefit when tested with the rider, if that clean airflow over the bike hits the rider in a negative way. 

“Therefore, we always test from initial concept with the rider, at CFD [computational fluid dynamics] level we have a full digital scan of our test rider, who we also use in the wind tunnel for complete consistency. 

“Because of the variation in rider sizes and position and how they interact differently with both the airflow over the bike and overall, we test with multiple riders, male and female in the wind tunnel and in real world testing to ensure that we account for this variation.”

Ribble tested the Ultra Road with and without the rider in place. Photo©supplied

There was a lot of road testing we hear? 

“Yes, our road testing consisted of two main stages, one is general road miles, living with the bike, seeing how it feels, handles, reacts to various situations, terrains and types of course, this is as much ‘ergonomic’ as it is ‘aero’ analysis. 

“This can take months and in the new Ultra Road testing was carried out for over a year and thousands of miles, with multiple riders. 

“The other stage is aero comparison testing between the benchmark and the new bike. 

“This is as controlled as possible using the same rider for back-to-back tests, and it’s also carried out using a different size and shape rider to the wind tunnel testing to further average out variation, ensuring specification, wheels, tyres and bike fit is identical between both bikes as well as temperature, wind direction and speed, air pressure and even time of day and where the rider is in their training schedule to eliminate fatigue having an impact on the result. 

“Different courses and efforts are used, from longer 1.5 hour threshold efforts over a hilly technical course, medium VO2 type 15 minute efforts over a rolling circuit and short two/three minute anaerobic efforts again over an undulating course. 

“This gives us a good understanding of the performance gains in different scenarios which we can then assess versus the wind tunnel analysis. 

“In the case of the new Ultra Road there was only 0.04% variation between the average of the real-world testing and the wind tunnel results, which was very reassuring.”

Andy Smallwood
Real world testing took place on all terrains and topologies. Photo©supplied

Have the Ribble-backed teams raced on them yet and what’s the feedback? 

“The teams haven’t raced on the bike yet but will be soon. 

“They have ridden prototypes and the feedback has been exceptionally good.

Andy Smallwood
Rapid Prototyping was used in the modelling of the Ultra Road. Photo©supplied

You will have had to liaise with the UCI? 

“The bike has been designed to conform to the UCI regulations and given its aero intentions it does go quite close to some of the required dimensions so it did result in some detailed discussion.” 

* * *

Jamie Burrow knows his bikes; as a former Plateau de Beille ‘recordman,’ world u23 UCI number one-ranked rider and professional, not to mention a sport director at the highest levels of the sport.    

What was your starting point, Jamie?

“A simple design brief: to be the fastest aero road bike in the world. 

“Not just designed to be the fastest when tested in isolation, but the fastest in the real world. 

“We started with a visual concept and tube profile shape ideas and then used CFD [computational fluid dynamics] to modify each one of those tube sections into the perfect aerodynamic shape for the task.”

Andy Smallwood
The Ultra ‘bar prototype shows the idea behind the brake direct mounts. Photo©supplied

Tell us about the direct mount brake levers, that’s new.

“Handlebar design was very critical to the overall project as it’s the first part of the bike to interact with the airflow. 

“We have always been limited to how far we can take handlebar design due to the obligation of fitting brake/gear shifters using a round metal band. 

“By eliminating the need for this band we had freedom to re-design the handlebar for both aerodynamic and ergonomic needs. 

“This is how we came up with the direct mount lever system.”

Andy Smallwood
Handlebar detail on the Ultra Road. Photo©supplied

And no tape?

“Again, by eliminating the need for the lever mounting band, the drop section of the bars no longer needs to be round and of such a narrow gauge. 

“We made an ergonomic shape which fits the grip of your hands far better than a traditional bar. 

“The bar is then finished with an anti-slip grip finish, eliminating the need for bar tape.”

Andy Smallwood
A flat downtime works in the wind tunnel. Photo©supplied

What’s the idea behind the ‘rad’ down tube?

“The down tube is effectively split into two sections. 

“The upper narrow section is all about the perfect aerodynamic transition between fork crown, head tube and down tube. 

“The wider, truncated lower section has been designed to interact with a standard size and shape water bottle as well offer torsional stiffness in the interaction between down tube and bottom bracket area, which is critical for optimal power transfer through the pedals.”

Andy Smallwood
The Ultra Road looks fast standing still. Photo©supplied

You claim it’s more efficient with a standard bottle – I thought a ‘cylinder’ was the worst shape for aero?

“It’s all to do with the truncated down tube profile and size which was designed to interact with the bottle. 

“The bike actually tests faster with the water bottle fitted, across the full YAW sweep. 

“This was key to the design process of the bike performing in real world conditions as a water bottle will always be used.”

Disc brakes – aren’t they less aero efficient?

“No, we are a lot more limited on fork design and seat/chain stay profiles with the requirement to fit a brake calliper. 

“The front fork design features what we call outboard fork blades, which sit further away from the wheel. 

“This would not be possible if we also had to integrate a rim brake calliper.”

Andy Smallwood
The Ultra Road is available with various configurations and finishing kits, this SRAM Rival AXS edition even has ‘bar tape. Photo©supplied

How has the move to fatter rubber been factored in?

“The bike will take 32mm tyres but the design was optimised around 28mm tyres with wider rims. 

“Again the non-requirement of brake callipers makes this far easier to achieve optimal results.”

Tell us about those wide forks and that wide rear ‘yoke’ where the seat stays meet the seat tube

“Investigation of the fork blades and how their position affects airflow led us to experiment with three separate fork blade positions. 

“We needed to understand the impact of moving the fork blades inboard and outboard from alignment with the front wheel axle. 

“An extreme outboard design realised more aero gain at 0° of YAW, whereby the forks created a wake for the rider’s foot and leg to sit within. 

“However this advantage was soon lost beyond even 3 degrees of YAW. 

“The final design performed consistently better above 5 degrees of YAW and aligned to real world riding conditions. 

“The seat stays sit exactly in line with the forks, visually hidden from the front view of the bike.”

Andy Smallwood
The wide stays on the Ultra-SL Pro. Photo©supplied

How ‘user friendly’ is the bike – say I want to change a cable/hose?

“It’s actually very user friendly. 

“The handlebars have very easy accessible cable entry/exit points allowing easy cable/hose maintenance.”

Where do bikes go from here?

“That’s a big question and one we are always looking at.

“For us at Ribble it’s about using our experience and research and development on projects like this high end race bike, across all categories of bike. 

“However, do watch this space!” 

Ed Hood
Ed's been involved in cycling for over 45 years. In that time he's been a successful time triallist, team manager, and sponsor of several teams and clubs. He's also a respected and successful coach, and during the winter months can often be found working in the cabins at the Six Days. Ed remains a massive fan of the sport and couples his extensive contacts with an inexhaustable enthusiasm for the minutiae and the history of our sport.

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